2022.09.12 約翰福音8:39-59「知神知己」


经文:【约翰福音八章39-59节】

39他们说:我们的父就是亚伯拉罕。耶稣说:你们若是亚伯拉罕的儿子,就必行亚伯拉罕所行的事。 40我将在神那里所听见的真理告诉了你们,现在你们却想要杀我,这不是亚伯拉罕所行的事。 41你们是行你们父所行的事。他们说:我们不是从淫乱生的;我们只有一位父,就是神。 42耶稣说:倘若神是你们的父,你们就必爱我;因为我本是出于神,也是从神而来,并不是由著自己来,乃是他差我来。 43你们为什么不明白我的话呢?无非是因你们不能听我的道。 44你们是出于你们的父魔鬼,你们父的私欲你们偏要行。他从起初是杀人的,不守真理,因他心里没有真理。他说谎是出于自己;因他本来是说谎的,也是说谎之人的父。 45我将真理告诉你们,你们就因此不信我。46你们中间谁能指证我有罪呢?我既然将真理告诉你们,为什么不信我呢? 47出于神的,必听神的话;你们不听,因为你们不是出于神。 48犹太人回答说:我们说你是撒玛利亚人,并且是鬼附着的,这话岂不正对吗? 49耶稣说:我不是鬼附着的;我尊敬我的父,你们倒轻慢我。 50我不求自己的荣耀,有一位为我求荣耀、定是非的。 51我实实在在的告诉你们,人若遵守我的道,就永远不见死。 52犹太人对他说:现在我们知道你是鬼附着的。亚伯拉罕死了,众先知也死了,你还说:人若遵守我的道,就永远不尝死味。 53难道你比我们的祖宗亚伯拉罕还大吗?他死了,众先知也死了,你将自己当作什么人呢? 54耶稣回答说:我若荣耀自己,我的荣耀就算不得什么;荣耀我的乃是我的父,就是你们所说是你们的神。 55你们未曾认识他;我却认识他。我若说不认识他,我就是说谎的,像你们一样;但我认识他,也遵守他的道。 56你们的祖宗亚伯拉罕欢欢喜喜的仰望我的日子,既看见了就快乐。 57犹太人说:你还没有五十岁,岂见过亚伯拉罕呢? 58耶稣说:我实实在在的告诉你们,还没有亚伯拉罕就有了我。 59于是他们拿石头要打他;耶稣却躲藏,从殿里出去了。


导言:

  • 「认识你自己」 对人类是一个「谜」。你认识你自己吗?你是如何认识自己的?

  • 成为基督徒后,我们会花一些时间来审视我们的自己。在圣灵的帮助下,在神话语的引导中,你常常会发现一个让自己的吃惊的自己。

  • 人的一生是一个不断认识自己、认识世界和认识神的过程。缺乏任何一点都将导致今生和来生的悲剧。

  • 罪人之所以是罪人,体现在两个方面: 第一, 他们不认识自己。第二, 他们不认识神。

  • 《约翰福音》第八章39-59节这段经文提醒我们:若不认识神,我们将失去认识自己的机会,将失去得救的机会,我们将永远失去神,失去自己。


重点:

一、知己,承认自我认知错误

1.你们自以为是亚伯拉罕的后裔, 却不行亚伯拉罕所行的事(V39-40)

2.你们自以为神为父, 但却不爱神差来的儿子。 (V41-44)

3.你们自以为听神, 但却不相信神。 (V45-47)

  • 错误的自我认知导致了认识神的错误。

  • 伟大的改教家加尔文曾说过: 「不认识神,我们就无法认识自己。不认识自己,我们也无法认识神。」

  • 犹太人正是因为不认识自己,所以才导致无法真正认识神。他们以为自己的父是神,但是却不爱神所差来的爱子耶稣。

  • 他们以为自己渴望真理,但是却不听耶稣基督所传扬的真理的道, 也不相信耶稣基督,这位真理的化身。

二、知神,认识耶稣:

1.耶稣是天父的儿子, 不是撒玛利亚人(V49-51)

耶稣是天父的儿子,是罪人和天父上帝的连接。他是唯一的道路真理和生命!若不籍著他就没有人能到父那里去。


2.耶稣是亚伯拉罕的神, 不是被鬼附了(V52-55)


3.耶稣是「我是」那位神, 不是疯子(V56-58)

耶稣是神 「我是」 。这里的我,希腊文含义是一个称呼「我是」,也就是神对自己的称谓。 「我是」这个称谓教导我们耶稣神性的三点: 自存、不变和全能。


第一,基督的自我存在。受造物是一种依赖性的存在;只有上帝是独立的和自在的。

第二, 他的不可改变性。耶稣是 "今天,昨天,直到永远,都是一样的。"

第三, 他的全能性。


三、知神,永恒的基督是我们的安慰

耶稣向众人启示他是永恒的神。作为有限的人认识一位永恒的神是何等重要呢?

首先, 认识基督是永恒的,那么,所有活物的生命就有了保证,"万物皆由他而生"。

第二, 因着基督是永恒的,那么,每个人都有希望。

第三, 知道基督是永恒的, 那么我们就有一个永恒的朋友。

第四,知道基督是永恒的,虽然他的国度还迟迟不来,也必定要来。


四、杀害耶稣: 犹太人对耶稣的回应(V59)

  • 耶稣不过是告诉犹太人他们所不知道的真理。结果呢?他们拿石头打他。

  • 基督为什么还是要告诉他们真理?因为神是爱,他不按我们当得的惩罚对待人。神爱罪人, 他渴望他们悔改得救,甚至不惜冒着生命危险把得救的好消息告诉他们。

  • 主耶稣基督已经得胜。他在十字架上废掉了撒旦的诡计,彻底击败了撒旦的权势。所有,在基督里的人都被他拯救, 他已经得胜。

 

Scripture: John 8: 39-59

39 “Abraham is our father,” they answered. “If you were Abraham’s children,” said Jesus, “then you would do what Abraham did. 40 As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham did not do such things. 41 You are doing the works of your own father.”42 Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come here from God. I have not come on my own; God sent me. 43 Why is my language not clear to you? Because you are unable to hear what I say. 44 You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. 45 Yet because I tell the truth, you do not believe me! 46 Can any of you prove me guilty of sin? If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me? 47 Whoever belongs to God hears what God says. The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.” 48 The Jews answered him, “Aren’t we right in saying that you are a Samaritan and demon-possessed?” 49 “I am not possessed by a demon,” said Jesus, “but I honor my Father and you dishonor me. 50 I am not seeking glory for myself; but there is one who seeks it, and he is the judge. 51 Very truly I tell you, whoever obeys my word will never see death.” 52 At this they exclaimed, “Now we know that you are demon-possessed! Abraham died and so did the prophets, yet you say that whoever obeys your word will never taste death. 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham? He died, and so did the prophets. Who do you think you are?” 54 Jesus replied, “If I glorify myself, my glory means nothing. My Father, whom you claim as your God, is the one who glorifies me. 55 Though you do not know him, I know him. If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and obey his word. 56 Your father Abraham rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw it and was glad.” 57 “You are not yet fifty years old,” they said to him, “and you have seen Abraham!”58 “Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am!” 59 At this, they picked up stones to stone him, but Jesus hid himself, slipping away from the temple grounds.


Preface:

  • "Knowing yourself" is a "mystery" to humans. Do you know yourself? How do you know yourself?

  • After becoming a Christian, we will take some time to examine ourselves. With the help of the Holy Spirit and the guidance of God's Word, you will often find yourself surprised by yourself.

  • A person's life is a process of constantly knowing oneself, knowing the world, and knowing God. Lack of any point will lead to tragedies in this life and in the next life.

  • Sinners are sinners in two ways: First, they don't know themselves. Second, they don't know God.

  • John 8:39-59 remind us: If we do not know God, we will lose the opportunity to know ourselves and the chance to be saved, and we will lose God and ourselves forever.

Focus Points:

1. Knowing yourself, admit what you think you know is wrong

(1) You think you are descendants of Abraham, but you do not do what Abraham did (V39-40)


(2) You think that God is the father, but you don't love the son God sent. (V41-44)

(3) You think you listen to God, but you don't agree with God. (V45-47)

  • The wrong self-knowledge leads to the mistake of knowing God.

  • The great Reformer Calvin once said: "We cannot know ourselves without knowing God. Without knowing ourselves, we cannot know God."

  • It is precisely because the Jews do not know themselves that they cannot truly know God. They think that their father is God, but they don't love Jesus, the beloved Son sent by God.

  • They think they desire the truth, but they do not listen to the truth preached by Jesus Christ, nor do they believe in Jesus Christ, the incarnation of truth.

· Christ, nor do they believe in Jesus Christ, the incarnation of truth.


2. Knowing God and Knowing Jesus: (1) Jesus is the Son of the Father, not a Samaritan (V49-51)

Jesus is the Son of the Father, the connection between sinners and God the Father. He is the only way to truth and life! If you don't belong to him, no one can go to the Father.


(2) Jesus is the God of Abraham, not possessed by demons (V52-55)


(3) Jesus is the "I am" God, not a lunatic (V56-58)

Jesus is God "I am". Here I, in Greek, means a name "I am", which is God's name for himself. The title "I AM" teaches us three points of the divinity of Jesus: self-existence, immutability, and omnipotence.

  • First, the self-existence of Christ. The creation is a dependent existence; only God is independent and free.

  • Second, his immutability. Jesus is "Today, yesterday, and forever, all the same."

  • Third, his omnipotence.

3. Knowing God, the eternal Christ is our comfort

Jesus revealed to everyone that he is the eternal God. How important is it to know an eternal God as a finite person? (1) knowing that Christ is eternal, then the life of all living creatures is guaranteed, "everything is born of him." (2) because Christ is eternal, then everyone has hope. (3) knowing that Christ is eternal, then we have an eternal friend. (4) knowing that Christ is eternal, even though his kingdom is not coming, it will certainly come.



4. The Killing of Jesus: The Jews' Response to Jesus (V59)

  • Jesus just told the Jews the truth they didn't know. The results of it? They stoned him.

  • Why did Christ still tell them the truth? Because God is love, He doesn't treat people with the punishment we deserve. God loves sinners, and He longs for them to repent and be saved, even risking his life to tell them the good news of salvation.

  • The Lord Jesus Christ has triumphed. He abolished Satan's tricks on the cross and completely defeated Satan's power. All who are in Christ have been saved by him, and he has been victorious.

Conclusion:

  • Jesus revealed that he was the God worshipped by Abraham. Jesus revealed that he was the Son of God. He did not ask for his own glory. Jesus revealed that he is the truth. If a person obeys his way, he will never see death.

  • The late theologian Buck (JI Packer) said in the book "Knowing God": "All my knowledge of God depends on His prolonged and active knowledge of me. I know God because He first knows me and continues to know me. I. God knows me as a friend and loves me; his eyes will never leave me, and his attention will never turn away from me..."

  • Only by knowing Jesus Christ can we truly know ourselves. The Holy Spirit gives us the ability to recognize ourselves. With fellowship and church life with brothers and sisters, we will grow in knowing God and ourselves.

  • The Jews did not respond correctly to the revelation of Jesus Christ and lost eternal life. How about you today? How to respond?

  • Don't miss the opportunity to know God, know yourself, know the world, and enter eternal life!

0 次查看0 則留言
New Logo 4.png