2021.12.05 約翰福音13:1-20「耶穌,為門徒洗脚的主」


经文 :【约翰福音13 : 1 - 20】

耶稣洗门徒的脚做榜样

1 逾越节以前,耶稣知道自己离世归父的时候到了。他既然爱世间属自己的人,就爱他们到底。 2 吃晚饭的时候——魔鬼已将卖耶稣的意思放在西门的儿子加略人犹大心里—— 3 耶稣知道父已将万有交在他手里,且知道自己是从神出来的,又要归到神那里去, 4 就离席站起来,脱了衣服,拿一条手巾束腰。 5 随后把水倒在盆里,就洗门徒的脚,并用自己所束的手巾擦干。 6 挨到西门彼得,彼得对他说:「主啊,你洗我的脚吗?」 7 耶稣回答说:「我所做的,你如今不知道,后来必明白。」 8 彼得说:「你永不可洗我的脚!」耶稣说:「我若不洗你,你就与我无份了。」 9 西门彼得说:「主啊,不但我的脚,连手和头也要洗!」 10 耶稣说:「凡洗过澡的人,只要把脚一洗,全身就干净了。你们是干净的,然而不都是干净的。」 11 耶稣原知道要卖他的是谁,所以说「你们不都是干净的」。

12 耶稣洗完了他们的脚,就穿上衣服,又坐下,对他们说:「我向你们所做的,你们明白吗? 13 你们称呼我夫子,称呼我主,你们说的不错,我本来是。 14 我是你们的主、你们的夫子,尚且洗你们的脚,你们也当彼此洗脚。 15 我给你们做了榜样,叫你们照着我向你们所做的去做。 16 我实实在在地告诉你们:仆人不能大于主人,差人也不能大于差他的人。 17 你们既知道这事,若是去行就有福了。


耶稣预指卖他的人

18 「我这话不是指着你们众人说的,我知道我所拣选的是谁。现在要应验经上的话说:『同我吃饭的人用脚踢我。』 19 如今事情还没有成就,我要先告诉你们,叫你们到事情成就的时候,可以信我是基督。 20 我实实在在地告诉你们:有人接待我所差遣的,就是接待我;接待我,就是接待那差遣我的。」


导言:

  • 有人对教会的执事做了一个这样的总结:偏听,偏见, 偏心,偏执。我把他成为执事服侍的四偏。

  • 执事的含义就是仆人,神的仆人,教会的仆人。早期中国教会,把这个词翻译成"会役 "。作为仆人最重要的就是知道主人的意思,不偏离主人的旨意。因此,不偏离主的意思来服侍才是能得奖赏的服侍。

一、洗脚的含义:与主相连 (知道自己是谁)[V1-11]

1. 人自己无法找到自己的身份

  • 自从始祖犯罪堕落之后,人就自己不知道自己的真实身份,也不知道自己是谁。

  • 但是,当死亡来到的时候, 人才知道,人与人最简单的,最本质的区别:不过是死人和活人的区别。

2. 耶稣基督赐给我们新的身份

  • 首先,耶稣基督知道自己是谁。 [V3]

  • 其次,耶稣基督赋予门徒新的身份。 [V4-5]

  • 主施行洗脚的细节描写隐藏许多反映道成肉身的主的伟大的爱,并从这份爱流露出的服侍。

*离席(约十三4):表征主不顾惜自己的身分与地位,离开天上荣耀的宝座,降世为人,从事救赎的工作(腓二6)。


*脱去外衣(约十三4):表征主舍弃荣耀的真神之尊贵身分,降生为卑微的世人,来服事人(腓二7)。


*拿手巾束腰(约十三4):表征主取了奴仆的样式,像一个仆人,存心顺服神(腓二8)。


*把水倒在盆里(约十三5):表征主耶稣「要用水,借着道(真理),把教会(信徒的团体)洗净,成为圣洁。」 (弗五26、27;约十七17)。


*擦干(约十三5):表征主既饶恕人,就不再计算人的恶,而不留下任何痕迹,饶恕得干干净净了(太十八21、22)。


*我们与神的国有份,我们与永生有份,都是因为我们于耶稣基督有份,都是因为耶稣基督服侍了我们。


二、洗脚的物件: 主为门徒洗脚,门徒当彼此洗脚 (知道自己该做什么)

1. 洗脚历史

  • 洗脚本是古时犹太人待客的一种规矩,后来亦成为待客的一种礼貌(参:路七44)与美德(提前五10)。

  • 耶稣给门徒洗脚是反传统的。因为传统里,仆人给客人洗脚,仆人给主人洗脚。但是,耶稣作为主给门徒洗脚,并且他吩咐门徒要彼此洗脚。大的服侍小的,主人服侍仆人,这是天国的服侍法则,是福音的法则!

2. 被洗脚之后[V12-14]

世界里的领袖是服侍自己,而教会里面的领袖是服侍他人。服侍和自己一样的人。


三、如何洗脚:(知道自己如何做? 行动、意愿、情感)

  • 耶稣知道..." 耶稣是知道一切的主, 耶稣知道门徒们会出卖自己。

  • 耶稣基督的爱从没有因为人的不同而改变,他是爱的本体,他是爱,他活出自己的神性。他彰显著神的爱!

  • 只有被主服侍过的人,才有资格服侍别人。在教会里的服侍资格乃是只有被神服侍过的人,才能服侍别人!

  • 服侍要按照主的方式服侍。有三个方面: 有愿意的心, 有谦卑的心, 有真实的行动。

  • 记住主亲自说的话:15 我给你们作了榜样,叫你们照着我向你们所做的去做。 16 我实实在在地告诉你们,仆人不能大于主人,差人也不能大于差他的人。 17 你们既知道这事,若是去行就有福了。

结论:爱人到底

  • "世人都犯了罪,亏缺了神的荣耀。 " (罗3:23)

  • 耶稣爱我们这些不配的人,我们这些罪人,我们这些出卖他的人,我们这些自私自利的人,他为不配的人献上自己!

  • 但是,他的不是溺爱,他的爱是改变的爱。他的爱改变必死的生命,赐给属天的生命。而这个新的生命,这个领受基督生命的人用同样的心志去爱人,并且爱人到底。

  • 爱什么样的人?爱一切伤害你们的人,爱出卖你的人,并且爱他们到底。这是样的门徒就是耶稣基督的真正门徒,这样的执事就是耶稣基督教会的执事了,这样的执事就是基督教会所期待的执事了。

  • 愿你们成为耶稣基督的好执事!

 

Scripture: [John 13: 1-20]

Jesus washed the feet of his disciples as an example

13 It was just before the Passover Festival. Jesus knew that the hour had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. 2 The evening meal was in progress, and the devil had already prompted Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus. 3 Jesus knew that the Father had put all things under his power, and that he had come from God and was returning to God; 4 so he got up from the meal, took off his outer clothing, and wrapped a towel around his waist. 5 After that, he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples’ feet, drying them with the towel that was wrapped around him. 6 He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Lord, are you going to wash my feet?” 7 Jesus replied, “You do not realize now what I am doing, but later you will understand.” 8 “No,” said Peter, “you shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered, “Unless I wash you, you have no part with me.” 9 “Then, Lord,” Simon Peter replied, “not just my feet but my hands and my head as well!” 10 Jesus answered, “Those who have had a bath need only to wash their feet; their whole body is clean. And you are clean, though not every one of you.” 11 For he knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said not everyone was clean.12 When he had finished washing their feet, he put on his clothes and returned to his place. “Do you understand what I have done for you?” he asked them. 13 “You call me ‘Teacher’ and ‘Lord,’ and rightly so, for that is what I am. 14 Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another’s feet. 15 I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you. 16 Very truly I tell you, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. 17 Now that you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them.

Jesus Predicts His Betrayal

18 “I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have chosen. But this is to fulfill this passage of Scripture: ‘He who shared my bread has turned against me.’ 19 “I am telling you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe that I am who I am. 20 Very truly I tell you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me.”



Preface:

  • Someone made a summary of the deacons of the church: partial hearing, prejudice, partiality, bigotry. I regard him as a deacon serving the four sides.

  • The meaning of a deacon is a servant, a servant of God, and a servant of the church. In the early Chinese church, this word was translated as "conference servant." As a servant, the most important thing is to know the master's will and not deviate from it. Therefore, service that does not deviate from the Lord's will is rewarded.

A. The meaning of washing your feet: connecting with the Lord (knowing who you are) [V1-11]

1. People cannot find their identity by themselves

· Since the fall of the ancestors' sins, people don't know their true identity, and they don't know who they are.

· However, when death comes, people know that the simplest and most essential difference between people is the difference between the dead and the living.

2. Jesus Christ gave us a new identity

· First, Jesus Christ knows who he is. [V3]

· Second, Jesus Christ gave the disciples a new identity. [V4-5]

· The detailed description of the Lord's washing of feet hides many reflections of the great love of the incarnate Lord, and the service revealed from this love.

- Leaving the table (John 13:4): It signifies that the Lord disregarded his own identity and position, left the glorious throne in heaven, came into the world as a man, and engaged in the work of redemption (Philippians 2:6).

- Take off the cloak (John 13:4): It signifies that the Lord has given up the honorable status of the true God of glory and was born as a humble man to serve people (Philippians 2:7).

- Girdle with a towel (John 13:4): It signifies that the Lord has taken the form of a slave, like a servant, obedient to God (Philippians 2:8).

- Pour water into the basin (John 13:5): It signifies that the Lord Jesus “will use water to cleanse the church (group of believers) so it becomes holy through the Word (truth).” (Ephesians 5:26, 27; John 17:17).

- Wipe dry (John 13:5): It means that since the Lord forgives people, he will no longer count people's evils without leaving any traces, and forgiveness is complete (Matthew 18 21, 22).

· We are part of God's kingdom and partake in eternal life, all because we belong to Jesus Christ, and Jesus Christ served us.


B. Items for feet washing: The Lord washes the feet of the disciples, and the disciples should wash each other's feet (knowing what to do)

1. Foot washing history

· Foot washing was a rule of Jewish hospitality in ancient times, and later it became a courtesy (see Luke 7:44) and virtue (1 Timothy 5:10).

· It is anti-traditional for Jesus to wash his disciples' feet. Because by tradition, the servant washes the feet of the guests and the servant washes the feet of the master. However, as the Lord, Jesus washed the feet of the disciples, and he commanded the disciples to wash each other's feet. The big one serves the small, and the master serves the servant. This is the law of service in the kingdom of heaven and the law of the gospel!


2. After the feet are washed [V12-14]

Leaders in the world serve themselves, while leaders in the church serve others. Serve people like yourself.


C. How to wash your feet: (know how to do it? Action, willingness, emotion)

· Jesus knows..." Jesus is the Lord who knows everything. Jesus knows that his disciples will betray him.

· The love of Jesus Christ has never changed because of different people. He is the essence of love, he is love, and he lives out his divinity. He shows the love of God!

· Only those who have been served by the Lord are qualified to serve others. The qualifications for serving in the church are that only those who have been served by God can serve others!

· Serve in the way of the Lord. There are three aspects: a willing heart, a humble heart, and real actions.

· Remember what the Lord himself said: 15 I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you. 16 Very truly I tell you, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. 17 Now that you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them.


Conclusion: Love people to the end

· " For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,." (Romans 3:23)

· Jesus loves us the unworthy, us sinners, us who betrayed him, us selfish people, and he sacrifices himself for the unworthy!

· However, his love is not spoiling, his love is the love of change. His love changes mortal life and gives heavenly life. And this new life, this person who has received the life of Christ, loves others with the same mind, and loves them to the end.

· What kind of person do you love? Love all those who hurt you, love those who betray you, and love them to the end. Such disciples are true disciples of Jesus Christ. Such deacons are the deacons of the Church of Jesus Christ. Such deacons are the deacons expected by the Christian church.

· May you be good deacons of Jesus Christ!



0 次查看0 則留言
New Logo 4.png