2021.09.19 約翰福音12:12-19「耶稣是王」


经文:约翰福音12章12-19节

12第二天,有许多上来过节的人听见耶稣将到耶路撒冷,

13就拿着棕树枝出去迎接他,喊着说:和散那!奉主名来的以色列王是应当称颂的!

14耶稣得了一个驴驹,就骑上,如经上所记的说:

15锡安的民(原文作女子)哪,不要惧怕!你的王骑着驴驹来了。

16这些事门徒起先不明白,等到耶稣得了荣耀以后才想起这话是指着他写的,并且众人果然向他这样行了。

17当耶稣呼唤拉撒路,叫他从死复活出坟墓的时候,同耶稣在那里的众人就作见证。

18众人因听见耶稣行了这神迹,就去迎接他。

19法利赛人彼此说:看哪,你们是徒劳无益,世人都随从他去了。


主题:耶稣是王!他配得你的敬拜,也配得你的信靠。


重点: 大卫的子孙进入大卫的城,却用一种谦卑的方式进入。


1. 百姓所宣告的君王

百姓所宣告的君王是一位以色列王。以色列百姓渴望一位以色列王来统治他们,并且带领他们击败罗马帝国。然而耶稣的到来,却不是要做以色列的君王,而是要做全地的君王。

(1)君王-基督-弥赛亚是同一个词。

(2)约翰福音始终在暗示性的表达耶稣基督是君王。

(3)耶稣进城的时候,耶路撒冷处于十分拥挤的情况,这为耶稣进入耶路撒冷时的震撼做了铺垫。

(4)棕树枝是以色列国家的象征。 「和撒那」是「赞美主」的意思。

(5)根据百姓的呼喊,我们得知他们是要耶稣做以色列这个国家的王。

(6)耶稣是王,这不是一个故事,而是一个事实。

(7)君王所到之处,是对另一个君王的威胁。

(8)作为耶稣君王的百姓,我们活在世上也会感到压力。

(9)君王与君王的对抗意味着战争。但我们的主已经得胜。


2. 百姓所看见的奇事

焦点:驴驹子。

解释:这应验了撒加利亚书9章9节的预言。耶稣君王是以谦谦和和的方式进入耶路撒冷。他的一生也是这样谦谦和和地服侍每一个人,特别是那些失丧的人。


3. 百姓所没有看见的奇事

百姓只看见了耶稣进城时的风光,却完全没有想到这位君王不是要来征服,而是要来献上自己。

撒加利亚书向我们展现了关于耶稣君王的完整预言。我们也站在21世纪的今天,在耶稣复活升天后,和耶稣的门徒一起明白了这些预言的含义。


耶稣基督还将以君王的身份再次降临。到那一天,我们仍然会听见那句熟悉的呼喊:和撒那,奉主名来的是应当称颂的。

 

Scripture: John 12: 12-19

12 The next day the great crowd that had come for the festival heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem. 13 They took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting,

“Hosanna!”

“Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”

“Blessed is the king of Israel!”

14 Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, as it is written:

15 “Do not be afraid, Daughter Zion; see, your king is coming, seated on a donkey’s colt.”c

16 At first his disciples did not understand all this. Only after Jesus was glorified did they realize that these things had been written about him and that these things had been done to him.

17 Now the crowd that was with him when he called Lazarus from the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to spread the word. 18 Many people, because they had heard that he had performed this sign, went out to meet him. 19 So the Pharisees said to one another, “See, this is getting us nowhere. Look how the whole world has gone after him!”


Theme: Jesus is the King! He is worthy of your worship, and worthy of your trust.


Focus Points: David's descendant entered the city of David, but entered in a humble way.


1. The king proclaimed by the people

The king declared by the people was a king of Israel. The Israelites longed for an Israeli king to rule them and lead them to defeat the Roman Empire. However, Jesus came not to be the king of Israel, but to be the king of the whole earth.

(1) King-Christ-Messiah is the same word.

(2) The Gospel of John always implies that Jesus Christ is the King.

(3) When Jesus entered the city, Jerusalem was very crowded, which paved the way for the shock when Jesus entered Jerusalem.

(4) Palm branches are a symbol of Israel. "Hosanna" means "praise the Lord".

(5) According to the people's cry, we learned that they wanted Jesus to be the king of Israel.

(6) Jesus is the king. This is not a story, but a fact.

(7) Where the king goes, it is a threat to another king.

(8) As people of King Jesus, we will also feel pressure in the world.

(9) The confrontation between kings means war. But our Lord has already triumphed.


2. Wonders seen by the people

Focus: young donkey

Explanation: This fulfills the prophecy of Zechariah chapter 9 verse 9. King Jesus entered Jerusalem in a humble manner. He has served everyone in such a humble manner throughout his life, especially those who are lost.


3. Wonders that the people did not see

The people only saw the scenery when Jesus entered the city, but never thought that the king was not coming to conquer, but to offer himself.

The book of Zechariah shows us the complete prophecy about the King Jesus. We are standing in the 21st century today. After Jesus was resurrected and ascended to heaven, we understood the meaning of these prophecies together with Jesus' disciples.


Jesus Christ will come again as the king. On that day, we will still hear the familiar cry: Hosanna, he who comes in the name of the Lord should be blessed.


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